The Witches' Goddesses
Witches have revered many spirits, goddesses, and gods throughout the centuries. It is important to keep in mind that a deity is not an actual being like you or I. A deity is a concept, a consciousness, a manifestation of energy that, as humans, we anthropomorphize to better relate to and connect with. It is difficult to feel a deep, personal connection with a nebulous concept such as rebellion, but much easier to do so through the embodiment of Lilith. A deity is, therefore, a representation of natural phenomena or cultural concepts.
There are a few spheres of consciousnesses and concerns which have been, more or less, important to the lives and spiritual beliefs of Witches: Nature, Magic, and our Autonomy in the face of our oppressors:
The Earth Mother (Gaia, Terra, etc.) and her male lover (Pan, Cernunnos, etc.) have long served as our primary Nature deities. Her symbol is the pentagram.
Hecate, the Goddess of Magic, the Moon, and the unknown, has been venerated by European Witches for ages. The Triple-Headed Goddess is associated with canines, keys, witchcraft, and moonstone. Cypress and Belladonna are some of her sacred plants. A traditional offering to Hecate is a glass of red wine in which you have placed a bulb of garlic and some dog hair.
Lilith is the Goddess of rebellion, revolution, and the destroyer of Patriarchy and its harmful institution. She is a complex goddess; the Church vilified her for her self-authority and independence. For Witches, she symbolizes resistance & the queer-feminine struggle. Witches embrace her demonic image in protest, saying that what oppressors decry as sinful, profane, and lascivious is actually virtuous and divine.
Lilith refused to be subservient to Adam, so she left the Garden of Eden, had sex with an angel, and gave birth to a daughter. Lilith's daughter, named Lamia among Witches, is considered to be the First Witch, and of whom Witches are descended from.
Lilith's symbols are the owl, the serpent, and the desert.