Much of the Pagan-Revivalist Tradition of the 1950's and 60's was situated in obtaining legal rights and protection under the law, which meant distancing Modern Paganism from Christianity's long-held assumptions that Witchcraft is equatable with Devil worship and evil magic.

Pagan religions & spirituality predominated in Europe when people were living agrarian lives, very much at the mercy of the Elements. As Patriarchy's Churches and the State colluded to wrest power from women and gain authority over the family structure, Pagans converted to Christianity over the centuries. But the Old Religion did not simply vanish. It continued to live on in small communities and secret gatherings, carried on by those who saw and see the Patriarchy for what it is.

When Paganism went underground, Witchcraft was born. Resistance, feminism, and radicalism have been a part of Witchcraft's culture for over 2,000 years. Who would believe in, practice, and pass on a religion that is punishable by fire? Those who were perceptive and radical enough to oppose the brutalities of the Patriarchy's States and Churches; those who have always lived on the fringes of society (queers, travelers, feminists, etc.). These are the people who passed on our culture, traditions, and spells, and we owe them our deep gratitude.

The Pagan religions were being transformed and enriched by the Outsiders who continued to believe in the Old Ways.  Don't be fooled: we are not new. There have always been people who see and understand as you and I do. There have always been women who see the lies and justifications of our oppressors. We are not all duped now; we were not all duped then.

Read and learn about the history of our People. Historians working within heterosexist, academic institutions have gone to great lengths to ignore, obscure, and even destroy Queer histories. The book by Arthur Evans called Witchcraft and the Gay Counterculture discuses who the Witches were and are; it is a must-read for Witches.

Witchcraft and the Gay Counterculture by Arthur Evans